Underground                                       reports


Our underground health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives include strengthening ventilation and gas management technology, minimising risks from fires and explosions, advancing emergency response technologies, reducing operating costs and improving reliability of subsidence predictions.

Coal Burst (7 Reports)

Coal Burst Monitoring Technology using Microseismicity – Microseismic Data Capturing and Documentation

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Author: Xun Luo, Joey Duan, Matt van de Werken | CSIRO

Coal burst is a violent collapse of the coal wall or roof in development, roadways and at the longwall face in underground coal mines. Because it occurs suddenly, with no or very little warning, coal burst is particularly dangerous to nearby mine personnel, mining equipment and infrastructure. ....  read more


Mechanics of Gas Related Coal Bursts in Mining

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Author: Winton Gale | SCT Operations

Rock and coal fracturing is common about roadways, particularly under the influence of elevated stresses, either tectonic or related to mining abutment stress. Shear fracture is very common, however, it is very uncommon that the coal is propelled from the face or ribs as a result of fracture ....  read more


Modelling Of Dynamic Fracture Mechanisms For Improved Strata Control Design and Coal Burst Assessment

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Author: Jan Nemcik, Gaetano Venticinque, Shivakuma Karekal | The University of Wollongong

The success of mining operations is heavily dependent upon controlling the fractured ground especially in coal mines where complex sedimentary strata exist. In nature, mechanisms of rock fracture are a dynamic phenomenon that up to now has not been fully understood nor computationally modelled ....  read more


Monitoring Stability of Roadway and the Longwall Face for Coal Burst Risk Management Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing Techniques

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Author: Xun Luo, Joey Duan, Ludovic Ricard, Matt van de Werken | CSIRO

In this project, the feasibility of using distributed optic fiber sensing (DOFS) technique was investigated for microseismic monitoring in coal mining. The investigation involved in theory study, laboratory tests and a mine site experiment.

Results from the laboratory experiments have ....  read more


New Outburst Risk Determination Measures Along With Data Gathering and Analysis for Coal Burst Assessment

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Author: Ian Gray, Jeff Wood, Tim Gibbons, Xiaoli Zhao | Sigra

Bursts are events that expel material at velocity at the time of ejection. This is usually coal but is sometimes rock. Unlike falls where the velocity is gained through gravitational acceleration, the sources of energy that drive the material outwards are either strain energy of the rock or ....  read more


Predict Stress State and Geotechnical Conditions Near Major Geological Structures Using Microseismic Technology and Distinct Element Modelling

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Author: Baotang Shen, Bongani Dlamini, Lu Chen, Yi Duan, Xun Luo,Matt Van de Werken, Onur Vardar, Ismet Canbulat | CSIRO, The University of New South Wales

Stress state and geotechnical conditions often change significantly near major geological structures which is the cause of most major mine instabilities and/or safety hazards including coal burst, roof falls, water inrush, gas outburst etc. This project aimed to develop an integrated method of ....  read more


The Young’s Moduli, Poisson’s Ratios and Poroelastic Coefficients of Coals

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Author: Ian Gray | Sigra

This report describes the measurement of coal (and rock) properties using core in laboratory tests where the axial and radial (confining) stresses and the fluid pressures are varied. The results derived from this work show quite different material behaviour to those generally considered to ....  read more



Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C29034Integrated Roadway Development: A Strategic Industry Review

This report describes the outcomes of a strategic review of Australi...

C26062New Outburst Risk Determination Measures Along With Data Gathering And Analysis For Coal Burst Assessment

Bursts are events that expel material at velocity at the time of eje...

C28019Carbolt Self Monitored, Yieldable Carbon Fibre Cable Bolt For Ground Control

In general, there is a variety of rockbolts and roof support systems...


Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C27023Enhancing The Sleep-Time Of Hydrogen Peroxide-Based Explosives

This project has focussed on the development of stable mining emulsi...

C26035Dynacut Fundamental Development And Scalability Testing

The previous project outcomes (C25041) supported the potential for D...

C28039Low Frequency Noise Prediction And Validation Study

Low frequency noise from mining activities has long been an issue fo...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C27025Quantifying The Step-Change Benefit Of Reflux Flotation Cell Circuits

The objective of this project was to quantify the value proposition ...

C24047Characterisation Of Pressure (Hyperbaric) Filter Performance

Hyperbaric disc filter technology has been used to dewater fine coal...

C28058Phase Two Development Of A Low Cost Online Measurement Of Particle Size And Density For Diagnostics Across The Fine Coal Circuit (Particle Profiler)

This project is based around the development of a prototype system (...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C28070Development Of A Combustibility Predictor For Thermal Coal Utilisation In Pulverized Fuel Boilers

Coal is a heterogeneous material, consisting of a range of carbonace...

C27022Slagging And Fouling In HELE Plants: Assessment Of Fusibility And Particle Size In Deposition

Key markets for Australian black coal have been moving to supercriti...

C28065Effect Of Blend Characteristics On The High-Temperature Strength Evolution And Relevant Mechanisms In Cokes

Coals are blended to overcome the increasing scarcity of high-qualit...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C28076Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids (SAMIL) - Phase 2 Demonstration In A Packed Bed Reactor

An alternative approach to high temperature oxidation of ventilation...

C28075The Optimisation And Application Of Hybrid Chequer Bricks In Regenerative Thermal Oxidisers For VAM Abatement

The capture and use of ventilation air methane (VAM) is regarded as ...

C26004CFD Modelling Of Reverse Thermal Oxidisers For VAM Abatement - CFD Modelling Of Fixed-Bed RTO Devices

The project is part of a larger multi‐phase program of study a...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community


National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook