ACARP ACARP ACARP ACARP
Underground

Appraisal of Gas Indicators from Goaf Drainage Holes for Spontaneous Combustion and Explosion Risk Management

Underground » Ventilation, Gas Drainage and Monitoring

Published: February 22Project Number: C29017

Get ReportAuthor: Guangyao Si, Yuehan Wang, Zizhuo Xiang, Duncan Chalmers | University of New South Wales

In gassy underground coal mines prone to spontaneous combustion, goaf management is a challenging task to reduce the risks of gas explosion and spontaneous combustion to acceptable levels. Goaf gas drainage via vertical surface goafholes is a primary control method to manage gas emissions in Australian coal mines. However, the performance of vertical surface boreholes may be significantly limited by insufficient understanding of goaf gas flow and coal self heating behaviour, especially under intensive goaf gas drainage.

The efficiency and effectiveness of goaf gas drainage performance also varies significantly across different boreholes. In Australia, gas composition, flow rate and suction pressure are closely monitored in goafholes to assess drainage performance and manage gas explosion risk. To address the above challenges, this project used currently available monitoring data of gas indicators obtained from goaf gas drainage holes in three gassy longwall mines to identify the main triggers of premature closure for these goafholes. In these mines, CO and O2 levels in drained goaf gas are normally adopted as triggers in goaf gas drainage Trigger Action Response Plans (TARPs). The effectiveness of these triggers was reviewed, along with other ratio indicators and temperature measured in captured goaf gas.

The key project outcomes are:

  • Development of new methodology to manage and analyse goaf drainage data;
  • An improved understanding of goaf gas profiles affected by goaf drainage;
  • A proposed conceptual goaf gas and oxidation model under intensive gas drainage;
  • A review of current goaf gas drainage TARPs;
  • Goafhole gas flow rate analysis; and
  • A theoretical model to calculate goaf resistance using goaf drainage data.

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C27039True Triaxial Strength Of Coal Measure Rocks And Its Impact On Roadway Stability And Coal Burst Assessment

Rocks in the ground are subject to a range of stresses. The stresses...

C3063Underground Vehicle Design Standards And Statutory Implications

The Australian underground diesel vehicle fleet has evolved since di...

C3064Conveyor Belting And Lagging Shear Characteristics - Drive Drum Slip

The primary aim of this project was to investigate the relationsh...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C26029Geological Controls On Fluorine And Phosphorus In Bowen Basin Coals

Increasing global restrictions on fluorine in product coal prompted ...

C28033Raw Ash To Yield Relationships

Correct outcomes in yield predictions for product ash from coal bore...

C27038Establishing Self-Sustaining And Recognisable Ecological Mine Rehabilitation

In recent years an increasing interest has been placed on mining ope...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C27064Dry Beneficiation Using FGX And X-Ray Sorters

Conventional dry processing methods engage a single beneficiation de...

C26010Multi-Sloped Screening Efficiency With Changing Strokes, Frequencies, Feed Solids And Feed Rates-Pilot Plant Study

Optimising multi-sloped screens is often described as an art and the...

C28059Impact Of Water Quality In Coal Handling And Preparations Plants

The objective of this project was to deliver a concise reference do...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C23052Novel Stone Dust Looping Process For Ventilation Air Methane Abatement

This multi‐phase project is concerned with the mitigation of m...

C27054Optimisation Of A Thermal Flow Reversal Reactor For Ventilation Air Methane Mitigation

Ventilation air methane (VAM) generally accounts for 50-85% of the t...

C28076Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids (SAMIL) - Phase 2 Demonstration In A Packed Bed Reactor

An alternative approach to high temperature oxidation of ventilation...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC