Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Particulate Matter Characteristics of Mine Ventilation Air for Designing Methane Mitigation Technologies

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation » Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Published: June 15Project Number: C21063

Get ReportAuthor: David French, Brendan Halliburton, Merched Azzi, Stuart Day, Adrian Element, Robyn Fry and Mihaela Grigore | CSIRO

Australian Standard Source sampling methods AS 4323.1-1995 and AS 4323.2-1995 have been utilised and shown to be appropriate standard methods for isokinetically sampling particles from ventilation systems of some underground mines. These standard methods provide a basis for the installation of future particle sampling requirements. The fundamental principles of these standards can also be utilised with other real time instruments to achieve greater information regarding the particle characteristics of the exhaust stream from underground mines, should this prove necessary for the operation of ventilation air methane mitigation systems. However, it should be noted that accurate particle sampling requires the velocity of the air stream to be measured. Most standard methods specify the use of Pitot tubes for this purpose, which at many mines, are unsuitable.


Provided suitable samples can be collected, it has been shown that optical microscopy, x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy are appropriate analytical techniques for characterising mine ventilation air particulates.


Optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy have the advantage of minimum sample requirements whereas x-ray diffraction analysis requires larger sample quantities, necessitating long collection times.

Optical microscopy is widely available, although more complex techniques such as polarized light microscopy and image analysis less so. Particle size and particle shape information can be obtained and limited mineral identification if polarized light microscopy is used.

Quantitative x-ray diffraction is less widely available and provides information only on the phase composition of the sample.

Techniques such as QEMSCANTM offer the most comprehensive characterisation of a particulate sample, providing information on size, shape, phase composition and abundance, and phase association. The downside is that there are few commercial laboratories that offer this service and the cost is significantly higher



Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C26047Real Time Dust Monitor

The aim of this project was to develop a real time respirable dust m...

C29034Integrated Roadway Development: A Strategic Industry Review

This report describes the outcomes of a strategic review of Australi...

C26062New Outburst Risk Determination Measures Along With Data Gathering And Analysis For Coal Burst Assessment

Bursts are events that expel material at velocity at the time of eje...


Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C27009Tailings Revegetation Project Through “The Vegetative Water Pump”

This project aimed to greatly reduce the water trapped below the cru...

C29043Design, Construction And Commissioning Of Tyre Handler Test Apparatus

C29030Mapping Of Elemental Coal Content For Exploration And Mining

This project has analysed the concentrations of 50 elements not typi...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C26010Multi-Sloped Screening Efficiency With Changing Strokes, Frequencies, Feed Solids And Feed Rates-Pilot Plant Study

Optimising multi-sloped screens is often described as an art and the...

C28059Impact Of Water Quality In Coal Handling And Preparations Plants

The objective of this project was to deliver a concise reference do...

C27026Ultra-Low Ash Coal By 3D Binder Flotation

The objective of this project was to investigate the potential to pr...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C28067Characterisation Of Complex Coal Blends, And Methodology To Investigate Thermal Coals Based On Compositional Analysis

This project built on the outcomes from project C25049 (Fusibility ...

C28066Influence Of Coal Blending On Coke Nanoporosity And CO2 Reactivity

Reactivity of coke is one of the most important parameters that defi...

C29077The Effects Of Ash Minerals On Coke Reactivity At High Temperatures

An investigation into how coke mineralogy affects coke reactivity ha...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C23052Novel Stone Dust Looping Process For Ventilation Air Methane Abatement

This multi‐phase project is concerned with the mitigation of m...

C27054Optimisation Of A Thermal Flow Reversal Reactor For Ventilation Air Methane Mitigation

Ventilation air methane (VAM) generally accounts for 50-85% of the t...

C28076Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids (SAMIL) - Phase 2 Demonstration In A Packed Bed Reactor

An alternative approach to high temperature oxidation of ventilation...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community


National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook