Self-rescuer Changeover Stations

Underground » Health and Safety

Published: March 10Project Number: C17016

Get ReportAuthor: X. Xu, D. Brady and R. Davis | Simtars

There are significant concerns in the Australian underground coal mine industry regarding the safe changeover of SCSR's. The Queensland underground level one emergency exercises have revealed an unsatisfactory failure rate in the SCSR changeover. In an adverse atmosphere, it could mean multiple casualties.


There were concerns in the industry that additional training would not be sufficient and that, in an emergency, extra controls should be in place to minimise the risks associated with the changeover. In this study, the key concerns and main factors for a safe SCSR changeover are identified. The available and near future techniques for safe changeover are reviewed. The refuge chambers or specially designed changeover stations and the next generation of SCSR's are such extra controls which are able to provide additional protection during the changeover. Further study disclosed the disadvantages of some of these controls, such as potential confusion in an emergency, maintenance and service requirements and so on.


To provide a safe, easy and reliable SCSR replacing environment, the prototype of the personal changeover enclosure has been designed, modeled and tested. The conceptual design has been proven valid for a safe changeover. The apparatus should be ergonomically improved to be more user-friendly.


The need for equipment to enable workers to be trained has been expressed by many. One of the main reasons for this is that when workers are subjected to the sensations caused by a self-contained self rescuer for the first time they might erroneously believe that the equipment is not functioning correctly and discard it. By making them used to the physiological burden of a self rescuer the occurrence of such incidences would be reduced.


This project set out to investigate the various simulators that are available to train workers as well as to investigate the design of a simulator that would allow multiple uses over longer periods.


The investigation found that there are various short duration simulators that could be of benefit to train workers as well as some longer duration units that have and are still being used. The design of a locally made simulator has been proposed.


The project has come to the conclusion that there are sufficient simulators available to satisfy any demand from the mining industry for such training equipment.

An e-newsletter has also been published for this project, highlighting its significance for the industry.


Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C25060Development Of Borehole Shear Monitoring Device For Routine Application In Coal Mine Roadways

This project outlines the development of a cost effective, routine s...

C26056Optimisation Of Low And High Pressure Longwall Hydraulic Systems

This project aimed to establish if longwalls with Hi-Set systems cou...

C27007Assessment Of Pyrite Coal Dust Induced Pneumoconiosis

There have been recent concerns regarding the re-identification of C...


Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C25031Developing Closure Criteria For River Diversions: An Alternative To Reference Sites

The use of reference sites for establishing closure criteria in area...

C25025Guidelines For Estimating Coal Measure Rock Mass Strength From Laboratory Properties - Report A Empirical Approach And Report B Synthetic Rock Mass Models

This report combined different approaches to investigate the estimat...

C27074Tyre Integrity Monitoring

Driving mine trucks with underinflated and overloaded tyres subjects...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C6046Optimising Coal Fragmentation For Improved Recovery

Uncontrolled fragmentation, in particular that resulting in the gene...

C25019Adaptation Of Coal Grain Analysis To Improve Flotation Yield Estimation

This project involved sampling of full-scale flotation circuits at ...

C27033Comprehensive Flotation Model Using CGA Particle Surface Composition

The aim of this project was to adapt existing particle based flotat...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C27036Improved Understanding Of Coke Quality Using 3D Immersive Visualisation And Statistical Characterisation Of Microstructure Properties

This project carried out an explorative study into the use of a 3D v...

C27047Combustion Characteristics Of Australian Export Thermal Coal Using Advanced Imaging Techniques

During pulverised fuel combustion, coal particles are rapidly pyroly...

C25045Assessment Of In Situ High Temperature Strength Of Cokes

The research for this project was undertaken in three stages.


Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C26004CFD Modelling Of Reverse Thermal Oxidisers For VAM Abatement - CFD Modelling Of Fixed-Bed RTO Devices

The project is part of a larger multi‐phase program of study a...

C27058Technological Assessment Of A Recycle Reactor For VAM Abatement

Underground coal mining emits high volumes of methane, diluted in ve...

C27008Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids

The connection of a ventilation air methane (VAM) abatement plant di...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community


National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook