ACARP ACARP ACARP ACARP
Open Cut

Human Factors Engineering and Large Surface Mining Equipment

Open Cut » Health and Safety

Published: February 07Project Number: C14046

Get ReportAuthor: Jim Joy, Guldidar Kizil, Sue Leveritt | University of Qld

Mobile equipment related accidents are the most common accidents in Australian mining. Investigations usually identify human error as a contributing factor. Human error analysis on some events has found that error is due to equipment design problems, either in operability or maintainability. 

This project was a broadening of a previous examination of human error and equipment design, 2004 ACARP Grant C12012, Management of Potential Stereotypic Control Operation Errors in Underground and Surface Mining Equipment (Joy, 2004 et al).

This 2006 research project examines broader human factors equipment design issues that are faced by the surface mine equipment operators and maintenance personnel. It introduces the field of Human Factors Engineering (HFE). HFE explained in detail in the body of this report, attempts to optimise the interface between the person and the work design, or, in other words, fit the system to the person rather than making the person fit the system. As such, it has the potential to reduce equipment operation and maintenance losses that are due to inadequate workplace or equipment design.

Parallel to this project, a new, relevant industry initiative was also established during the project period. This ACARP project and the industry initiative were combined to complete the ACARP work. During this combined project, representatives from major mining houses came together to form a group known as the Earth Moving Equipment Safety Round Table (EMESRT).

The objective of the project was to accelerate development and adoption of leading practice designs of earth moving equipment to minimise the risk to Health and Safety through a process of Original Equipment Manufacturer and user engagement.

The combined ACARP and EMESRT project included a meeting with three of the major mining houses (Anglo Coal, BHP Billiton, and Xstrata), two workshops with four major mining houses (Anglo Coal, BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, and Xstrata), and several teleconference calls with the six major mining houses (Anglo Coal, BHP Billiton, Newmont, Phelps Dodge, Rio Tinto, and Xstrata). The workshops brought the major mining houses together to form an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) strategy. The respective companies’ equipment design expectations were also gathered.

One of the key outcomes of the project was development of an OEM engagement strategy targeting short term, demonstrable success for both the companies and OEMs.  In October 2006, a series of meetings were held between the EMESRT members, and six of the manufacturers of earth moving equipment (Caterpillar, Hitachi, Komatsu, LeTourneau, Liebherr, and Terex) at their North American offices. These meetings, facilitated by the principal author, have established the basis for a future process of ongoing engagement between Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and mining companies.

The scope of this report was large surface mobile equipment. The project focused on providing best practice HFE information for major surface mining equipment and this is provided in the Appendices in the form of literature-based criteria and the EMESRT developed Design Philosophies.

The development of fifteen HFE Design Philosophies provide an image of many human factors ‘problems’. They represent a significant step forward based on the “common voice” of the EMESRT members, although the future of EMESRT and the Design Philosophies, most of which are still in the draft stages, will be determined after the completion date of this report. It is likely that a more complete set will be completed by EMESRT in 2007 and made available to interested parties through a website, possibly www.mishc.uq.edu.au.

OEMs views about EMESRT’s future direction and its role for improvement of future equipment design were elicited at the October 2006 meetings. It is the intention of EMESRT to evaluate outcomes of those meetings with the OEMs to consider a defined future engagement process. 

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C25060Development Of Borehole Shear Monitoring Device For Routine Application In Coal Mine Roadways

This project outlines the development of a cost effective, routine s...

C26063Reliable Estimation Of Horizontal Stress Magnitudes From Borehole Breakout Data

The main objective of the project is to develop a reliable and simpl...

C26053Predict Stress State And Geotechnical Conditions Near Major Geological Structures Using Microseismic Technology And Distinct Element Modelling

Stress state and geotechnical conditions often change significantly ...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C25031Developing Closure Criteria For River Diversions: An Alternative To Reference Sites

The use of reference sites for establishing closure criteria in area...

C27074Tyre Integrity Monitoring

Driving mine trucks with underinflated and overloaded tyres subjects...

C26034Coking Properties Deterioration In Small Samples

Accurate evaluation of coking coal parameters at the exploration sta...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C25019Adaptation Of Coal Grain Analysis To Improve Flotation Yield Estimation

This project involved sampling of full-scale flotation circuits at ...

C250083D Flotation Of Fine Particles

In this project a process for the continuous, selective agglomeratio...

C26009Improved Precision Of Determining Coal In Urban Dust

Dust samples collected in coastal locations using High Volume Air Sa...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C26044Physical And Chemical Interactions Occurring During Cokemaking And Their Influence On Coke Strength

This project builds onto a previous project , C24055 in which macera...

C27056Imaging Gas Penetration Inside Coals And Cokes And Determining Influence On Coke Reactivity

The suitability of cokes for use in a blast furnace is determined by...

C26045Mineralogy Effects On The 3D Porosity Evolution Of Coke And Coke Reactivity

CRI/CSR CO2 combustion data are key metrics of coke quality and perf...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C27058Technological Assessment Of A Recycle Reactor For VAM Abatement

Underground coal mining emits high volumes of methane, diluted in ve...

C27008Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids

The connection of a ventilation air methane (VAM) abatement plant di...

C24061Proof-Of-Concept Photocatalytic Destruction Of Methane For Coal Mining Fugitive Emissions Abatement

Australia's fugitive emissions in 2015 were 41 Mt CO2-e (representin...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC