ACARP ACARP ACARP ACARP
Underground

Stereotypic Human Error in the Operation of Underground and Surface Mining Equipment

Underground » Health and Safety

Published: May 04Project Number: C12012

Get ReportAuthor: Jim Joy, Simon Wedgewood, Ron Groenland | University of Qld, BMA

In the early 1980's a number of large-scale industrial disasters gave renewed impetus to the study of human factors, and in particular, how it relates to human error. Investigations of these disasters highlighted the need to understand and manage the interface between people and their work processes.

Inadequate attention to human factors in mining equipment has also lead to severe accidents. Although obviously not to the scale of major catastrophes involving the public, inadequate consideration of human factors in designs can easily result in fatalities.

Human error is identified as a causal factor in 80 to 90% of all incidents and accidents. Machine operating errors are common and occur for many reasons. In some cases, design features may trigger human error in machine operation. Stereotypic error is one type of human error that can be affected by machine design.

Stereotypic error occurs when an operator at the controls of a machine executes an incorrect, intentional, albeit probably subconscious, action. The action is initiated by the person based on a previously learned stereotype. The resulting output or movement of the machine is incorrect and not as the operator intended due to the stereotype being inappropriate for the particular situation. Miss-operation of a turn signal on a European car when the driver is most accustomed to an Australian car is a good example. The location of the turn signal and windscreen wipers are often reversed. The driver, without conscious thought, reaches for the previously learned location of the control. In doing so, the error occurs.

Large mining equipment have significant control systems that often vary in design between similar machines and, in some cases, the same model of the same machine. Some equipment has dual or remote controls that may also induce a stereotypic error. Experienced operators may be more likely to make errors related to these differences than inexperienced operators.

The aim of this project was to identify the relevance of the stereotypic error issues and identify potential stereotypic error designs or operating practices, especially those where the implications of operator error could be severe, in order to assist with site level and equipment designer / supplier identification of the unacceptable risk. In addition, the project produced an issue identification resource and risk assessment method to help manage any unacceptable stereotypic issues through site review, incident investigation and future purchasing.

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C25060Development Of Borehole Shear Monitoring Device For Routine Application In Coal Mine Roadways

This project outlines the development of a cost effective, routine s...

C26056Optimisation Of Low And High Pressure Longwall Hydraulic Systems

This project aimed to establish if longwalls with Hi-Set systems cou...

C27007Assessment Of Pyrite Coal Dust Induced Pneumoconiosis

There have been recent concerns regarding the re-identification of C...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C25031Developing Closure Criteria For River Diversions: An Alternative To Reference Sites

The use of reference sites for establishing closure criteria in area...

C25025Guidelines For Estimating Coal Measure Rock Mass Strength From Laboratory Properties - Report A Empirical Approach And Report B Synthetic Rock Mass Models

This report combined different approaches to investigate the estimat...

C27074Tyre Integrity Monitoring

Driving mine trucks with underinflated and overloaded tyres subjects...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C6046Optimising Coal Fragmentation For Improved Recovery

Uncontrolled fragmentation, in particular that resulting in the gene...

C25019Adaptation Of Coal Grain Analysis To Improve Flotation Yield Estimation

This project involved sampling of full-scale flotation circuits at ...

C27033Comprehensive Flotation Model Using CGA Particle Surface Composition

The aim of this project was to adapt existing particle based flotat...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C27036Improved Understanding Of Coke Quality Using 3D Immersive Visualisation And Statistical Characterisation Of Microstructure Properties

This project carried out an explorative study into the use of a 3D v...

C27047Combustion Characteristics Of Australian Export Thermal Coal Using Advanced Imaging Techniques

During pulverised fuel combustion, coal particles are rapidly pyroly...

C25045Assessment Of In Situ High Temperature Strength Of Cokes

The research for this project was undertaken in three stages.

S...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C26004CFD Modelling Of Reverse Thermal Oxidisers For VAM Abatement - CFD Modelling Of Fixed-Bed RTO Devices

The project is part of a larger multi‐phase program of study a...

C27058Technological Assessment Of A Recycle Reactor For VAM Abatement

Underground coal mining emits high volumes of methane, diluted in ve...

C27008Selective Absorption Of Methane By Ionic Liquids

The connection of a ventilation air methane (VAM) abatement plant di...

Mine Site Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C16027Assessing Housing And Labour Market Impacts Of Mining Developments In Bowen Basin Communities

The focus of this ACARP-funded project has been to identify a number...

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC