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Open Cut                                          reports

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research. We have supported work on an automated swing loading system for electric shovels, the science of rehabilitation and minimising mining impacts on neighbouring communities.


Occupational Health & Equipment Safety (48 Reports)

A Review of Global Industry Health and Safety ‘Voluntary Initiatives’

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c2204201/03/2014
Author: Jim Joy | JKTech

The term 'Voluntary Initiative' (VI) is self-explanatory.  An initiative that is undertaken without some form of external mandatory compulsion is voluntary.

Formal VIs have been established in various industries around the world to advance many areas of common interest ....  read more

 

A Vehicle Interaction Causal Factors Database And Risk Management Decision Making Tool

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C1903201/10/2012
Author: Guldidar Kizil and Tilman Rasche | MISHC, SMI, The University of Queensland and DEEDI, Qld Government

Collisions between mine vehicles and between vehicles and personnel or infrastructure do occur in the mining industry and can result in fatal injuries.

 

This report provides a statistical analysis of 310 mining collision incidents around the world.  

While ....  read more

 

Active Vibration Isolation Seat Development

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C1404112/05/2009
Author: Mark Petrie, Roger Kahler | CMP Engineers, Intersafe Group

This report details work undertaken to implement an actively isolated vehicle seat. The research involved the trials of fully-actively-damped hydraulically powered seats and a semi-actively damped seat. The term semi-active refers to the configuration in which an actively controlled damper is ....  read more

 

Active Vibration-Isolation Seat Development

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C701101/01/2000
Author: Arthur Chaseling | Chaseling McGiffin

This project sought to improve the ride in heavy off-road mining vehicles by replacing the spring-isolation system in a normal operator's seat with a hydraulic actuator assembly which responds actively to movement of the cab, moving the seat vertically in the opposite direction to cab to ....  read more

 

Building, Fitting and Testing an Acoustic Agglomerator to Reduce or Eliminate Dust Loading from the Machine House on Draglines

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C1802901/06/2013
Author: Patrick Glynn | CSIRO

This report covers ACARP project C18029, Building, Fitting and Testing an Acoustic Agglomerator to Reduce or Eliminate Dust Loading from the Machine House on Draglines. The aim of the project is to use acoustic agglomeration techniques to reduce respirable dust particulate mass (<10 ....  read more

 

Collision Avoidance for Mine Haul Trucks

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C1404401/03/2007
Author: Patrick Glynn, Jim Slade, John Marston | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Control Technologies International

A suite of new collision avoidance systems (CAS) is presented for use in heavy vehicles whose structure and size necessarily impede driver visibility is introduced.  The main goal of the project was to determine the appropriate use of each of the commercially available technologies ....  read more

 

Collision Avoidance System

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C701201/07/2000
Author: Rusty Mark, Patrick Glynn, D Verhoef, D McCabe | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Advanced Mining Technologies

The Objective of this project was to develop and demonstrate a collision prevention system prototype that improves safety and eliminates the noise problems caused by the current heavy vehicle reversing alarm system.

A prototype system was developed and demonstrated to achieve the ....  read more

 

Collision Avoidance System 3

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C1104901/12/2003
Author: Patrick Glynn, G Harris | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Jonyree Research

The aim of this project was to continue the work initiated in project C7012 - Collision Avoidance System 1 (CAS 1) and Project C8034 Collision Avoidance System 2 (CAS 2). In particular, the extension from RF tagging on individuals and vehicles to the demonstration of the utility of radar ....  read more

 

Collision Prevention System

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C803401/09/2001
Author: Patrick Glynn, R Dungavell, G Harris, H Verhoef, D McCabe, Craig Hoffman | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Jonyree Research, Advanced Mining Technologies

The aim of this project was to continue the work commenced in ACARP Project C7012 Collision Avoidance System 1. In particular, the extension from RF tagging on individuals and vehicles to the demonstration of radar and ultrasonic based object detection systems to forewarn of potential ....  read more

 

Development and Application of Risk-Cost-Benefit Decision Support Tools RCB Gen and RCE Method

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C1701401/11/2011
Author: Guldidar Kizil, Alan Bye, Jim Joy | The University of Queensland

This report supports the industry's on-going efforts to manage risk to ALARP and achieve Zero Harm by providing a new method to more effectively establish the adequacy of controls.

Operating mines, both open cut and underground, are required to find a balance between acceptable ....  read more

 

Development of a Risk Management Tool for Shiftwork in the Mining Industry

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C1003201/11/2002
Author: Carmel Bofinger | SIMTARS

This project developed practical risk management tools that could be used by the mining industry to:

  • assess health and safety risks associated with fatigue and shiftwork;
  • identify and assess current and potential control measures;
  • identify and assess measures
 ....  read more

 

Development of a Whole Body Vibration Dosimeter for the Coal Mining Industry

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C600801/06/1998
Author: Shaouki Ismail | VIPAC Engineers & Scientists

For many Coal Mining operators, back injury now accounts for more OH&S claims than any other single factor. While back injury can arise from many factors, a well-documented leading cause is the exposure of workers to vibration, e.g. the vibrations experienced by operators of heavy ....  read more

 

Development of the Operability and Maintainability Analysis Technique for Use with Large Surface Haul Trucks

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C1703314/05/2009
Author: Tim Horberry, Sabrina Sarno, Tristan Cooke, Jim Joy | Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre, University of Queensland

This report describes research that developed and trialled the Operability and Maintainability Analysis Technique (OMAT) for large haul trucks operating at surface mines. OMAT was developed to help identify, prioritize and eliminate or mitigate any potential safety issues found in new and ....  read more

 

Dragline Machine House Dust Control Field Testing Of Alternative Cartridge Technologies

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C1902701/06/2013
Author: Gareth Bolton | BMT WBM

Following the findings from project ACARP #C17034 into dust control on dragline machine houses, a cartridge filtration concept similar to the AirScrubPro™ system in use on the P&H 4100 XPB/C shovels was identified as a potential solution to explore in the development of alternative dragline ....  read more

 

Effective and Efficient Implementation of Critical Control Management in the Australian Coal Mining Industry by 2020

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C2400601/07/2016
Author: Maureen Hassall, Jim Joy | The University of Queensland, Jim Joy Associates

Everyone in the Australian coal mining industry will probably recognise a Pike River victim or be reminded of a work mate, friend, son or brother. Pike River, New Zealand was another avoidable coal mining catastrophe. Like all catastrophes there are many lessons to learn, one of which was the ....  read more

 

Emissions from Spoil Pile Fires

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C401401/01/1999
Author: John Carras, S Day, AL Lange, PF Nelson, DB Roberts, F Szemes, A Tibbett, DJ Williams | CSIRO Energy Technology

The project arose from considerations of the possible effects of the emissions from spontaneous combustion in spoil piles on the occupational health and safety of mine workers. Fires from spontaneous combustion can be associated with open cut and underground ....  read more

 

Establishment of Hours of Work Risk Factors Relevant to Coal Mining

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C1303201/09/2006
Author: David Cliff | University of Queensland

The objective of this project was to determine the principal variations in accident and incident risk in relation to roster design within the Australian Coal Mining Industry.   These were determined by analysing the accident and incident statistics for a wide range of coalmine ....  read more

 

Feasibility and Acceptability of Strategies to Address Mental Health in Coal Mining in New South Wales and Queensland

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C2204501/06/2016
Author: Brian Kelly, Robyn Considine | University of Newcastle

Improving the understanding of mental health problems, overcoming stigma and promoting advice seeking and support from available services, are all important steps in addressing the challenges for the workplace in addressing mental health.

The research team was awarded funding for a ....  read more

 

'Fit For Purpose’ Tyre Maintenance Equipment And Management Practises For Non-earthmover Mining Vehicles

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C2102901/07/2013
Author: Tilman Rasche | SIMTARS

Tyres, rims and wheel assemblies are safety critical items which must be maintained and used correctly to achieve levels of acceptable risk. Inadequate tyre and rim maintenance carries considerable inherent risks of personal injury and death, as tragically confirmed through several tyre and rim ....  read more

 

Human Factors Engineering and Large Surface Mining Equipment

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C1404601/02/2007
Author: Jim Joy, Guldidar Kizil, Sue Leveritt | University of Qld

Mobile equipment related accidents are the most common accidents in Australian mining. Investigations usually identify human error as a contributing factor. Human error analysis on some events has found that error is due to equipment design problems, either in operability or ....  read more

 

Improved Safety of Tyre-Handling Equipment

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C1503216/04/2009
Author: Rowan Nicholas, Arthur Chaseling | CMP Engineers Pty Ltd

The objective of this project was to examine two methods for improving the safety of handling large mining tyres using tyre handlers. These two high risk issues identified are, security of the tyre while being manoeuvred, and the interaction between personnel and the handler while aligning the ....  read more

 

Improving Visual Communication of OH&S in Coal Mines

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C2204401/07/2014
Author: Jem Wallis, Geoff Denman | Cat.Dog Research and Creative

In the first stage of the project we looked at how visual OH&S communication is currently working at two coal mines in New South Wales. Our findings were consistent across both sites and provide us with some clear directions and working hypotheses.

 

We found that, ....  read more

 

Intelligent Dumper & Hauler Suspension Systems (IDHSS)

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C401308/02/1997
Author: Peter French | Birrana Engineering

The objective of this project  was to produce a prototype retrofit suspension upgrade package for dumpers and haulers which would allow the suspension characteristics to be optimised according to the load state of the vehicle.  The primary ....  read more

 

Intelligent Dumper and Hauler Suspension System (IDHSS) - Stage 3

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C600726/11/1998
Author: Duncan Gordon | Birrana Engineering

The aim of this project is to extend and enhance the IDHSS retro-fittable suspension upgrade package which was developed with the funding assistance of ACARP projects C3103 and C4013. This system adjusted suspension parameters to the optimum settings for the vehicle load condition ....  read more

 

Investigation of Intelligent Dumper Hauler System

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C310308/02/1995
Author: Peter French | Birrana Engineering

The current 'Intelligent Dumper and Hauler Suspension System' (IDHSS) project has evolved from a suspension system concept conceived by Birrana Engineering Pty Ltd.  This report documents work conducted to investigate the feasibility of the ....  read more

 

Investigation of Mine Road Watering Practice for Development of Engineering Solutions to Improve Safety

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C1404022/11/2005
Author: Hal Gurgenci, David Williams, Abbas Kouzani | CRCMining, University of Queensland, University of Newcastle

This Report offers a summary of current practice of haul road dust suppression in the Australian coal industry and makes recommendations for improvements. 

The findings of the Project are based on a inspection of haul road construction and dust suppression practices at ....  read more

 

ISOLgate: World First Isolation Risk Management Decision Support Tool

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C1803201/02/2011
Author: Gul Kizil, Tilman Rasche | University of Queensland, Department of Mines and Energy

This report introduces the recently developed online and publicly accessible ISOLgate: Isolation Causal Factors Database (http://www.mirmgate.com.au/isolgate) and describes its unique and innovative features. But most importantly the report explains the team's journey in developing Gates, ....  read more

 

Managing Whole Body Vibration at Surface Coal Mines

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C2302201/03/2016
Author: Robin Burgess-Limerick and Danellie Lynas | The University of Queensland

The web page ergonomics.uq.edu.au/wbv provides information about the project including a link to the free WBV application and java application tool, documentation and manual.  This will be a great benefit to the industry.

This project has validated, implemented, and evaluated the ....  read more

 

New Knowledge Elicitation Methods to Capture Risks Related to Mobile Mining Equipment

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C1802501/09/2010
Author: Sue Leveritt, Tim Horberry and Tristan Cooke | Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre, The University of Queensland

This report describes research that examined two innovative knowledge elicitation techniques to collect information about mobile mining equipment risks and to ultimately help identify potential controls. It focused on both experienced and inexperienced operators. The work was in three ....  read more

 

Noise Reduction Using Smart Speakers

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C1901922/11/2012
Author: Michael Kidner, Darren Van Twest | VIPAC Engineers & Scientists

The objective of the project was to demonstrate significant noise reduction for the operators of heavy mining vehicles, using 'smart speakers' which attenuate machine generated noise at the ears of the operator. The term 'smart speakers' refers to the application of an Active ....  read more

 

Occurrence Fires on Vehicles - Scoping Study (to order Australian Standard go to www.saiglobal.com/shop)

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C904101/06/2007
Author: Doug Pickersgill, Wayne Krueger | Fire and Safety Systems

The outcomes of this ACARP project is now an Australian Standard.  To order go to www.saiglobal.com/shop.  There is no report published via ACARP.

In February 2000, ACARP funded a scoping study to investigate the frequency and causes of mobile mining equipments ....  read more

 

Open Platform Mine Equipment Communications and Proximity Warning System

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C1702601/07/2009
Author: Greg Ladewig, Andrew Jessett | MineWare

This project seeks to develop an open-architecture communications system to allow for real-time data sharing between mobile and fixed plant units operating in an open-cut mine environment. The concept is to deliver the data sharing functionality by making use of existing hardware and ....  read more

 

Operator Fatigue Detection and Countermeasure Development

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C1504012/04/2009
Author: Daniel Bongers | CRCMining

In this project we have developed a prototype technology for measuring and reporting an individual's fatigue, with the intention that such a technology could be used to prevent fatigue-related injuries in the Australian coal mining industry. The technology, known as the Smart Cap system, ....  read more

 

Procedures and Devices to Monitor Operator Alertness Whilst Operating Machinery - Stage 3

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C903201/03/2002
Author: Nick Mabbott | ARRB Transport Research

This project was aimed at building on the extensive experience of fatigue-related issues gained in the road safety area to develop solutions for the open-cut coal mining industry. It followed the parent projects that investigated technological solutions to fatigue and developed pilot trials to ....  read more

 

Procedures and Devices to Monitor Operator Alertness Whilst Operating Machinery in Open Cut Coal Mines: Stage 1: State-of-the-art Review, Stage 2: Development of Pilot Program

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C803501/06/1999
Author: Nick Mabbott, Mary Lydon, Laurence Hartley, Pauline Arnold | ARRB Transport Research

Stage 1 of this project focused upon the identification of an appropriate fatigue monitoring device for implementation into the open-cut coal mining industry. The project team resolved that a device similar to the Roadguard stimuli-reaction task would be the most appropriate for ....  read more

 

Proximity Detection Device Interoperability

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C2403401/04/2016
Author: Mark Dunn, Chad Hargrave and Michael Vowles | CSIRO

This report presents the results of research and industry collaborations undertaken as part of ACARP project C24034. The primary task of the project was to facilitate and assist the working group gathered together by EMESRT as representatives of the major OEM and proximity system vendors. The ....  read more

 

Reducing Musculoskeletal Risk in Open Cut Coal Mining

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C1105831/08/2004
Author: Robin Burgess-Limerick | University of Queensland

Across all industries, approximately 40% of injuries are musculoskeletal injuries associated with manual tasks. The majority of these injuries are believed to be preventable without any loss of productivity. The prevalence may be even higher in coal mining, where musculoskeletal injuries ....  read more

 

Reflective Material for Improving Night Time Driving on Haul Roads

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C504109/09/1997
Author: Graham Lumley, K Lindus | CRA Advanced Technical Development

The objective of this project was to identify materials that could be used to enhance the night time driveability of coal mine haul roads. Materials that could be used as either a reflective coating on haul roads or roadside berms or as part of the road ....  read more

 

Safety Integrity Level Validation for Satellite Navigation Technologies

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C2402729/04/2016
Author: Joe Fleming | GPSat Systems Australia

For future mine machinery automation, GNSS navigation technologies offer significant advantages over traditional mechanical positioning sensors for the purposes of machine location, collision avoidance etc. They are reliable, accurate, and require no calibration and minimal maintenance. With ....  read more

 

Selection and Optimisation of Risk Controls

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C2300701/06/2015
Author: Maureen Hassall, Jim Joy, Chris Doran & Marcus Punch | University of Queensland, Jim Joy & Associates, Mitacom & Marcus Punch Pty Ltd

The Australian coal mining industry recognises it is important to have effective controls to successfully manage risks. The importance of improving risk control has also been highlighted by the ICMM who suggest that "the top factors for why fatalities, serious injuries, serious diseases ....  read more

 

Specification of Impact Protection for Operator Seating of Mining Equipment

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C1303701/03/2005
Author: Darren van Twest | VIPAC Engineers and Scientists

Recent Whole-Body Vibration (WBV) research indicates the degeneration of the human spine is caused by the accumulation of vibration shocks (or 'peaks') rather than many hours of low level vibration. Operators of heavy coal mining equipment are exposed to WBV transmitted through the vehicle ....  read more

 

Strategies to Transition the Major Coal Industry Stakeholders to Risk Based Regulation

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C2204301/06/2014
Author: Neil Gunningham | Gunningham and Associates

Over the last fifteen years or so, there has been a substantial shift away from reliance on prescriptive standards towards systemic risk based WHS management and regulation. There is considerable evidence that this approach, if effectively implemented, can achieve substantial improvements in ....  read more

 

Trust and Safety in the Coal Mining Sector

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C1602601/08/2008
Author: Neil Gunningham, Darren Sinclair | Gunningham and Associates

This report examines the relationship between trust (and mistrust) and occupational health and safety (OHS) in the Australian coal mining sector. Our previous research in Australian coal mining companies indicated that mistrust is deep-seated at a number of mines, and that these mines are ....  read more

 

Tyre Fires and Explosions of Earthmover Tyres

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C1304901/09/2004
Author: Tilman Rasche | Klinge & Co

Tyre fires and explosions by nature are a high potential hazard for any operator of rubber tyred vehicles with a number of serious incidents and accidents including injuries and fatalities reported throughout the mining industry over the project duration at least 2 earthmover tyre fires ....  read more

 

Tyre Related Accidents and Incidents - A Study with Recommendations to improve Tyre & Rim Maintenance and Operational Safety of Rubber Tyred Earthmover Equipment

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C1504601/05/2007
Author: Tilman Rasche, Tom Klinge | Klinge & Co

Tyre, rims and wheel assemblies are safety critical items which must be maintained and operated correctly to provide a safe working environment.

Unfortunately less than adequate (LTA) awareness of ‘off the road’ (OTR) tyre and rim related hazards, and lack of ....  read more

 

TYREgate: A “World First” Risk Management Decision Support Tool for Earthmover Tyres and Rims

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C1703212/06/2009
Author: Guldidar Kizil , Tilman Rasche | Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre (MISHC), The University of Queensland, Queensland Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Division of Mines and Energy

This report introduces the recently developed online and publicly accessible TYREgate: Tyres and Rims Risk Management Decision Support Tool (http://www.mirmgate.com/tyregate) and describes its unique and innovative features. TYREgate is a world’s first earthmover tyre and rim related ....  read more

 

Validating the JobFit System Functional Assessment Method

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C1404501/05/2007
Author: Jenny Legge, Robin Burgess-Limerick | JobFit Systems International, Burgess-Limerick and Associates

According to the Australian Safety and Compensation Council, workplace injuries are costing the Australian coal mining industry and its communities $410 Million a year. With injuries from sprains and strains accounting for about half of these costs, the industry needs to explore ....  read more

 

What Works Best at Improving Mine Worker Safety and Why Does it Work

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C1003101/08/2002
Author: Carmel Bofinger | SIMTARS

This research project was designed to provide a framework for the evaluation of the effectiveness, efficiency and appropriateness of safety programs and initiatives at all levels in the coal mining industry and to identify the key factors affecting the success of programs. This project was ....  read more

 

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C25070Shuttle Car Steering System Optimisation

The condition of roadways in underground mines is of great importance, a...

C20041Polymer-Based Alternative To Steel Mesh For Coal Mine Strata Reinforcement

The report details work undertaken to develop a polymer-based alternativ...

C22003Investigation Of The Potential Lightning Impacts On Underground Coal Mines

The objective of this research was to develop and apply computer mod...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C19023MWD For Super-Resolution Control Of R.A.B. Drilled Blast-Hole Stand-Off Distances

Open-cut coal mine blasting losses are serious. Incorrect blast stan...

C21005RAB Drill Rig Top Of Coal Detection While Drilling

Accurately detecting the approaching top of a coal seam prior to blastin...

C24064Top Of Coal Detection In A Rotary Air Blast Drill Rig

Accurately detecting the approaching top of a coal seam prior to bla...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C24046Online Particle Size Monitoring In Coal Preparation

The principle of using laser diffraction as a means of measuring a v...

C24048Thickener Underflow Monitor

The aim of this project was to develop an instrument that is capable of ...

C24044RFID Residence Time Modelling

The project had two main objectives, the first to provide residence ...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C24060Structural Differences Between Coking Coals Of The Sydney Basin And Other Sources

Cokes made from Australian coals of relatively low fluidity can have...

C25045Stage One - Assessment Of In Situ High-Temperature Strength Of Cokes

A typical high-CSR Australian coke was subjected to high-temperature...

C24056Relationship Between Internal Pressure And Coke Strength And Implications For Semi Soft Coking Coals In Blends

The objective of this project was to explore the relationships between t...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C24017Improving Methods For Quantifying Fugitive Emissions From Open Cut Coal Mining

Fugitive emissions from open cut coal mines are usually estimated fo...

C21065Flame Arresting Mechanisms And Flameproof Device For VAM Mitigation

The overall goal of this project was to study the gas flammability limit...

c21064Development Of A Catalytic Mitigation System For VAM - Stage 3 - 20 Litre Per Min VAM Flow Technical Development Unit

This report describes work undertaken towards the development of a p...

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

C19025Governance Strategies To Manage And Monitor Cumulative Impacts At The Local And Regional Level

ACARP levy contributors should order this report in the normal manner – ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC