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Underground

Our underground health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives include strengthening ventilation and gas management technology, minimising risks from fires and explosions, advancing emergency response technologies, reducing operating costs and improving reliability of subsidence predictions.


Exploration (40 Reports)

4D Visualisation of Exploration & Mine Data

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C801501/06/2000
Author: Guy LeBlanc Smith, Con Caris, Gil Carter | CSIRO Exploration & Mining

This project has successfully addressed one of ACARP's research priorities for techniques that aid in the prediction of mining conditions and geological disturbance of coal seams particularly for longwall mining.   The objective of this project was to demonstrate an interactive, ....  read more

 

A New Approach for Locating & Mining through Dykes in Longwall Operations

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C1103520/05/2005
Author: Adrian Hutton, Greg Poole, Scott Thomson, Ernest Baafi | University of Wollongong, BHP Billiton Illawarra Collieries, CoalBed Concepts,

Efficient and profitable coal mining is reliant on reducing mining costs which requires reducing or minimizing hazards that are likely to slow down or temporarily stop mining. Understanding the geology is a vital component in this exercise because many geological structures, if undetected, ....  read more

 

Advanced Logging Tool Phase II

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C1601803/05/2016
Author: Edward Prochon | CRCMining

The aim of the Advanced Logging Tool project was to develop a suite of Measurement Whilst Drilling (MWD) tools for the Underground In-Seam (UIS) drilling industry that can facilitate faster and more reliable holes to be drilled by providing accurate Coal Interface Detection (CID) for ....  read more

 

Application of the Geophysical Strata Rating in Production Settings

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C1700901/01/2010
Author: Terry Medhurst, Peter Hatherly, Binzhong Zhou, Genxi Ye | PDR Engineers, Coalbed Geoscience formerly CRC Mining/University of Sydney, CSIRO Exploration and Mining, University of Science and Technology, Beijing

Through previous ACARP projects C11037 (Hatherly et. al, 2003) and C15019 (Hatherly et al., 2008) a new methodology for rating rock masses was introduced. Termed the Geophysical Strata Rating (GSR), this empirical scheme was developed for the clastic rocks typically found in the coal mining ....  read more

 

Automated Mineralogical Logging of Coal and Coal Measure Core

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C1301401/06/2006
Author: Stephen Fraser, Joan Esterle, Colin Ward, Ruth Henwood, Peter Mason, Jon Huntington, Phil Connor, Reneta Sliwa, Dave Coward, Lew Whitbourn | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, University of NSW, McElroy Bryan Geological Services

A mineralogical core logging system based on spectral reflectance (HyLogger™) has been used to detect and quantify mineralogies in coal and coal measure sediments. The HyLogger™ system, as tested, operates in the visible-to-shortwave infrared spectral region, where iron ....  read more

 

Borehole Data Standard for the Australian Coal Industry

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C2201723/03/2015
Author: Brett Larkin | GeoCheck

The outcomes of this project are available free of charge from www.ausimm.com.au

 

Before CoalLog, approximately 30 different data formats and over 100 different data code ....  read more

 

Coal Quality Data eXchange (CQDX) Laboratory to Customer Data Transfer

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C2101427/06/2014
Author: Federico Arboleda, Mike Evans, Jared Armstrong | acQuire Technology Solutions

The project was commissioned in recognition of an industry wide need to improve the transfer of coal laboratory instructions and coal quality results between coal laboratories and their clients. The project was conducted as a joint venture between ACARP, acQuire Technology Solutions, SGS and ....  read more

 

Coal Quality from Geophysical Logs for Enhanced Resource Estimation

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C2301518/02/2016
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Graham O'Brien | CSIRO

Coal quality parameters such as ash content, density, volatile matter and specific energy are important to the coal mining industry from mine planning, design, extraction and beneficiation through to utilisation. These parameters are traditionally obtained through laboratory analysis conducted ....  read more

 

CoalLog Manual - Borehole Data Standard For The Australian Coal Industry

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C2100317/11/2015
Author: Brett Larkin, David Green | GeoCheck Pty Ltd & Green Exploration and Mining Services Pty Ltd

The outcomes of this project are available free of charge from www.ausimm.com.au

 

Before CoalLog, approximately 30 different data formats and over 100 different data code ....  read more

 

Comparative Study of In-Seam Surveying Technology (Coal Interface Detection Project)

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C1202401/02/2005
Author: Scott Thomson, Scott Adam, Peter Hatherly | CRCMining

In-seam drilling in the Australian coal industry is essential to reduce gas levels. Drilling is also sometimes used to assist mine exploration planning by identifying geological structures. An inherent weakness in the current system of in-seam drilling is the ....  read more

 

Design, Certification and Manufacture of an IS Geophone for Underground Coal Mining

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C1801801/09/2011
Author: Xun Luo, Ron McPhee | CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering

Two geophone assemblies have been developed and accredited as intrinsically safe (Ex ia) under the IEC scheme. The first geophone is a single element uni-axial geophone and the second is a three-element tri-axial geophone, both of which are suitable for deployment in Australian and ....  read more

 

Detailed Geological Characterisation from Seismic Data

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C1501802/02/2009
Author: Peter Hatherly, Binzhong Zhou, Troy Peters, Milovan Urosevic | CRC Mining, University of Sydney

The use of seismic reflection surveying continues to grow within Australia's underground coal mining regions of the Sydney and Bowen Basins. 3D seismic surveys aimed at providing detailed information on the structures with the potential to affect longwall operations are now being routinely ....  read more

 

Determination of Goaf Delamination Horizons and Other Roof Geomechanical Features using Downhole Acoustic Logs

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C900301/01/2002
Author: David Green, Barry Ward | Green Exploration & Mining Services, Geotechnical Consulting Services

This project has sought to utilise the acoustic scanner log and the sonic log to detect and define features within the overburden of a coal seam which control roof stability and goaf formation. In order to do this it was first necessary to validate the features interpreted from the scanner by ....  read more

 

Enhancing Fault Detection by Seismic Diffraction Imaging

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C2201601/05/2015
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Peter Hatherly, Weijia Sun | CSIRO, Coalbed Geoscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Faults cause breaks in continuity of seismic horizons and at these discontinuities, diffraction patterns in seismic waves are generated. This is a well understood phenomenon but modern seismic acquisition and processing techniques are mainly directed towards providing high resolution images of ....  read more

 

Forward Looking Radar for Early Sensing of Ground Conditions

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C1403501/10/2006
Author: Jonathon Ralston, Chad Hargrave | CSIRO Exploration & Mining

This report presents the findings of a 12 month fundamental research project undertaken by the CSIRO Exploration and Mining.  This effort was driven by the desire to investigate and identify new methods and applications of ground penetrating radar to benefit the underground coal ....  read more

 

From Resources to Reserves through Quantitative Risk Assessment: Decision Support for JORC Compliance

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C1500901/07/2010
Author: Shuxing Li, Peter Knights, Pedro Valenzuela | CRCMining, University of Queensland

The uncertainties and risks associated with the JORC code modifying factors have a significant impact on the conversion of coal resources to reserves. These factors include geological, geotechnical, metallurgical, mining, environmental, marketing, legal, social and governmental variables.

 ....  read more

 

Geophysical Strata Rating

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C1501901/07/2008
Author: Peter Hatherly, Terry Medhurst, Stuart MacGregor | CRCMining

The Geophysical Strata Rating (GSR) is a means of empirically estimating the quality of rock masses through an analysis of geophysical logging data. It is based mainly on sonic log data and it recognises that in clastic sedimentary rocks, sonic velocity varies with both the rock type and the ....  read more

 

Geotechnical Evaluation for Mining - Assessing Rock Mass Conditions Using Geophysical Logging

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C8022B01/02/2002
Author: Peter Hatherly, Terry Medhurst, Binzhong Zhou, Hua Guo | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Australian Mining Consultants

This project involves a comprehensive investigation into the use of geophysical logging for rock strength estimation.

Full waveform sonic logging
Aspects of seismic wave propagation are reviewed to provide a basis for understanding full waveform sonic logs and the ....  read more

 

German-Australian Demonstration of the Application of Lotem Measurement in Coal Mining

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C402901/04/1997
Author: Keeva Vozoff, O Engels, Greg Poole, S Lintker | Harbourdom Consulting, BHP Coal, DMT

The primary objective of the project was to show that it is possible to obtain important information about drainage and fluid content of coal seams from surface electromagnetic (LOTEM) measurements combined with reflection seismic data resistivity logs. If this ....  read more

 

Imaging Coal Seam Structures under Basalt Cover

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C1701316/08/2010
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Troy Peters, Peter Hatherly, Weijia Sun | CSIRO, VelSeis, Coalbed Geoscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences

In Australian coal mining areas, basalt flows can occur at or near the ground surface. These flows are usually of Tertiary age and are thickest where they have flowed down pre-existing river channels. Multiple flows may be present with unconsolidated sediments lying between. The basalts may be ....  read more

 

Imaging Complex Structures and Dykes Using 2-D 3-C Seismic Methods

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C604101/06/1999
Author: Brian Evans, M Urosevic, C Walton | Curtin University of Technology

The objectives of this project were to develop seismic methods to detect and image complex structure such as faults, fracture systems and dykes, which will benefit underground mine operations. The project proposed to work in the two dimensional (2-D) and three component (3-C) areas, but ....  read more

 

Imaging Systems for Geotechnical Boreholes

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C1601920/05/2009
Author: Scott Thomson, S Adam | CoalBed Concepts Pty Ltd, CRC Mining and CMTE Development Pty Ltd

The objective of this project was to develop a new system for evaluating geotechnical boreholes in underground mining.  This approach was predicated on the demonstration of a commercial prototype imaging system (the Slim Borehole Scanner (SBS)) which is designed to be suitable for ....  read more

 

Improving Reflection Seismic Success Through Ground Truthing

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C1901328/03/2012
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Peter Hatherly | CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering, Coalbed Geoscience

Seismic surveying, especially by the 3D method, is widely used throughout the Sydney and Bowen basins in order to delineate geological structures with the potential to affect underground coal mining. While use of the technique continues to grow, its performance has not been systematically ....  read more

 

In Seam Wireless Communication System

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C2101913/01/2015
Author: Eddie Prochon | CRCMining

CRCMining is developing a system called In Seam Wireless Drill String (ISWDS) for providing high data rate, bidirectional wireless communication between the BHA and the drill rig in the hazardous conditions of Underground In-Seam (UIS) drilling. This report details the work conducted in Phase 1 ....  read more

 

In-Seam Drilling Scoping Study

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C304030/12/1993
Author: John Hanes | J & SD Hanes

In-Seam drilling has been recognised by underground mine operators as a high priority research area. This report seeks to draw together the concerns of those involved in in-seam drilling and provide direction as to where future research should focus.  ....  read more

 

Integrated P-wave / PS-wave Seismic Imaging for Improved Geological Characterisation of Coal Environ

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C1302901/02/2007
Author: Natasha Hendrick, Steve Hearn, Shaun Strong | Velseis

Converted-wave seismic reflection is a novel seismic method that takes advantage of the fact that when a compressional (P) wave from a conventional seismic source (e.g. dynamite, mini-SOSIE) strikes a coal seam, a significant fraction of the energy reflected back to the surface will be ....  read more

 

Integration of Seismic Data for Mine Planning

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C1103801/10/2004
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Peter Hatherly, Renate Sliwa | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, CRCMining

This project sought to develop procedures for:

  • Interactive depth conversion through integrating borehole and seismic data so that seismic data can be transformed from the time domain to the depth domain.
  • Stratigraphic and coal seam attribute
 ....  read more

 

Intelligent Drilling Systems

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C1403401/08/2007
Author: Scott Thomson, S Adam | CoalBed Concepts, CRCMining

Inseam directional drilling plays an important role in Australian underground coal mining for coal seam degasification purposes. The path of an inseam borehole is also of interest from an exploration perspective but too often the geological data from inseam boreholes remains ambiguous ....  read more

 

Interactive Evaluation of Mine Plans with Integrated Geological Exploration Data

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C502601/01/1998
Author: Guy LeBlanc Smith, Con Caris, Phil Soole | CSIRO Exploration & Mining

This report presents the application of virtual reality programming and visualisation to the integration of disparate 3D and 4D data sets that are common to the mining environment. The project arose from a recognised need to:

  1. integrate large and disparate data sets that are
 ....  read more

 

Interpretation of Small Scale Geological Features on Seismic Reflection Data

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C702601/11/1999
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Peter Hatherly | CSIRO Exploration & Mining

This final report is timely in tat it is being published at a time when 3D seismic is being routinely used by a number of exploration groups in the Bowen.

The very readable report provides the reader with an understanding of the recent advances made in this exciting field and ....  read more

 

Investigation of Converted Wave Seismic Reflection for Improved Resulotuion of Coal Structures

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C1002001/10/2003
Author: Steve Hearn, Natasha Hendrick, John McMonagle | Velseis

Seismic reflection is widely recognised as a significant geophysical tool for remote imaging of subsurface coal deposits. The technique is now often an integral part of mine planning, with positive contributions to mine productivity and safety. However, the desire to image increasingly ....  read more

 

Magnetic Field Radar Probe for In-Line Assessment of Faults, Dykes and Other Features while In-Seam Drilling

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C801601/04/2002
Author: Wayne Murray, Chris Williams, Matthew Josh, Simon Maunder, Stuart Hay, Peter Hatherly | CSIRO Telecommunications & Industrial Physics, CMTE

In-seam drilling is an integral part of mining in many underground mines and it is undertaken for gas drainage and to prove coal seam conditions. Current drilling practice allows precise survey data to be obtained as to the plan position of the hole. While this means that drills can be steered ....  read more

 

Maximising the Benefits from Downhole Geophysical Logs Recorded in Coal Exploration Programs

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C8022A01/03/2002
Author: Roussos Dimitrakopoulos, Brett Larkin | University of Queensland

The aim of this project was to develop techniques and tools to maximize the amount of geological, analytical and geomechanical information geologists can derive from their downhole geophysical logs.

The study analyses the data from 21 drillholes from Anglo Coal's Moranbah North ....  read more

 

Optimisation of Long Hole Drilling Equipment

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C302330/06/1994
Author: Ian Gray | SIMTARS

The objectives of this study were to establish the factors currently restricting long hole drilling in coal seams to 1000m, and to establish what changes in technique or equipment are necessary to reach 2000m. Data from existing boreholes were analysed using ....  read more

 

Qantitative Geophysical Log Interpretation for Rock Mass Characterisation

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C1103701/04/2004
Author: Peter Hatherly, Renate Sliwa, Roland Turner, Terry Medhurst | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Borehole Logging Consultancy Services, Australian Mining Consultants

Geophysical borehole logging is routinely employed as part of exploration drilling in open pit and underground mining operations. Analysis of results is often empirical or based on theoretical considerations that need not relate to the actual properties of the rocks under consideration. The ....  read more

 

Quality Appraisal for Geophysical Borehole Logs

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C1301601/06/2005
Author: Peter Fullagar, Binzhong Zhou, R Turner | Fullagar Geophysics, CSIRO Exploration & Mining, Borehole Logging Consultancy Services

The aim of this project was to investigate efficient means for identifying suspect borehole logging data from hundreds or even thousands of boreholes. The intent was to classify data as acceptable, questionable, or unacceptable. The envisaged ultimate benefits of the project were

 ....  read more

 

Recognition of Low Throw Faults and Fracture Systems Using Seismic Data

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C402801/09/1997
Author: Brian Evans | Curtin University of Technology

This report provides a general review of work performed by the Curtin University research group for a syndication of mining companies over a two year period, July 1995 to June 1997.

The Syndicate ....  read more

 

Super Model 2000 Bowen Basin

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C902101/08/2002
Author: Joan Esterle, Renate Sliwa, Guy Le Blanc Smith, Joel Yago, Ray Williams, Shuxing Li, Roussos Dimitrakopoulos | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, GeoGAS, University of Queensland

The aim of the Supermodel 2000 project was to deliver a regional three-dimensional model of the Moranbah-German Creek Coal Measures along the western limb of the Bowen Basin from integrated mine-scale databases and regional basement geology. It provides a snapshot of the available data and ....  read more

 

Surface Seismic Syndicate

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C302030/09/1995
Author: Brian Evans, M Urosevic | Curtin University

The aim of this two year research project was to develop new and improved seismic methods to image coal seams in areas where the seismic ....  read more

 

Visualisation of 3D Seismic and Full Waveform Sonic Data

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C901401/06/2002
Author: Binzhong Zhou, Peter Hatherly, Guy LeBlanc Smith, Iain Mason | CSIRO Exploration & Mining, University of Sydney

Seismic 3D surveying and full waveform sonic logging are now major new tools for geological and geotechnical evaluation. CMTE has been supporting their introduction and through this project we have worked to develop and demonstrate interactive analysis software that can be used by  ....  read more

 

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C22003Investigation Of The Potential Lightning Impacts On Underground Coal Mines

The objective of this research was to develop and apply computer mod...

C21023Optimisation Of Roof Bolt Length Based On Improved Resin Performance

This study compared the performance of two types of resin capsules u...

C25058Stage One: Self-Drilling Bolt Automation Trial

There are several self drill roof bolt concepts and proto-types that hav...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C24067Mine Rehabilitation And Closure Knowledge Management WIKI: MRC-WIKI

This research project was undertaken over two years following completion...

C22028Rangal Supermodel 2015: The Rangal-Baralaba-Bandanna Coal Measures In The Bowen And Galilee Basins

This project compiled over 7000 company boreholes supplemented by more t...

C25005Interim Report: Alternative And Sustainable Explosive Formulations To Eliminate Nitrogen Oxide Emissions

This report focuses on the development of novel mining explosives with t...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C23046Economic Effect Of Low Amounts Of Non-Magnetics In The Correct Medium

This project has developed a methodology by which the economic loss ...

C21053Monitoring And Prediction Of Catastrophic Multi-Sloped Screen Failures

Multislope Screen failure has been an ongoing issue since the introducti...

C18041CPP Feed Washability Prediction From Small Top Size Samples

Coal Grain Analysis (CGA) characterisation by size and RD provides a...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C24056Relationship Between Internal Pressure And Coke Strength And Implications For Semi Soft Coking Coals In Blends

The objective of this project was to explore the relationships between t...

C24055Physical And Chemical Interactions Occurring During Coke Making And Their Influence On Coke Strength

This project contains a study on the interactions occurring between coal...

C23047Mechanistic Model For The Understanding Of Sole Heated Ovens

A method for modelling sole heated ovens (SHO) based on fundamentals...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C24017Improving Methods For Quantifying Fugitive Emissions From Open Cut Coal Mining

Fugitive emissions from open cut coal mines are usually estimated fo...

C21065Flame Arresting Mechanisms And Flameproof Device For VAM Mitigation

The overall goal of this project was to study the gas flammability limit...

c21064Development Of A Catalytic Mitigation System For VAM - Stage 3 - 20 Litre Per Min VAM Flow Technical Development Unit

This report describes work undertaken towards the development of a p...

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

C19025Governance Strategies To Manage And Monitor Cumulative Impacts At The Local And Regional Level

ACARP levy contributors should order this report in the normal manner – ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC