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Open Cut                                          reports

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research. We have supported work on an automated swing loading system for electric shovels, the science of rehabilitation and minimising mining impacts on neighbouring communities.


Overburden Removal (53 Reports)

3D Scan Matching And Registration For Improved Mine Survey

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C2002824/04/2013
Author: Nick Hillier, Frederick Pauling, Elliot Duff | LC Engineering, CSIRO

ACARP project C20028 entitled "3D scan matching and registration for improved mine survey" endeavoured to reduce survey costs and improve the timeliness of survey data via the introduction of CSIRO's 3D mapping technologies to the survey process. It was intended to demonstrate the ....  read more

 

3d-Dig 2000

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C601701/03/2001
Author: Murray Phillips, Alex Kavetsky | Earth Technology

This project was conducted to enhance and further develop the 3d-Dig Version 1 Dragline Simulator. The Version 1 Simulator is a DOS-based system allowing dragline operations to be simulated and visualised. This system has proved to be a very effective tool for analysing and improving dragline ....  read more

 

Accurate Guidance and Measurement for Excavators using a Laser Scanner

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C1404301/10/2006
Author: Elliot Duff | CSIRO ICT Centre

This project has successfully developed and demonstrated a proof-of-concept system that is able to simultaneously
track the bucket of a mining excavator and map the terrain under the boom.

Over a 12 month period, a number of trials were conducted at Blair Athol Mine ....  read more

 

Advanced Dragline Performance Analysis

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C2001801/12/2012
Author: Peter Knights, Andrew Jessett, Xin (Frances) Liang | CRCMining, MineWare

The ability to automatically classify and report swing cycles according to their limiting motion (swing, hoist or drag) is an essential capability in order to flag potential dragline performance losses and drive continuous improvement efforts.  

 

This project uses data ....  read more

 

Advanced Duty Detection System

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C1203801/06/2005
Author: Charles McInnes, Paul Meehan, Allison McDonald | CRCMining

An advanced duty detection system has been developed and demonstrated that will continuously monitor dragline operation and identify and classify operating practices that cause excessive amounts of incremental damage or duty on the machine. The system will form part of and extend the ....  read more

 

Analysis of Data from Equipment Performance Monitors

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C700201/02/2001
Author: Darren Thornton | JKMRC

This is a report of the outcomes of an ACARP sponsored research project that investigates data analysis techniques suitable for analysing the large volumes of data being generated by equipment performance monitors that have become widespread within the mining industry. The monitors are often ....  read more

 

Automated Design of Multi-Pass Dragline Strips Using 3d-Dig

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C2102801/02/2016
Author: Murray Phillips | Earth Technology

This project aimed  to research, develop and implement a design methodology to automate the design of a complete, multi-pass dragline strip. The design methodology was implemented by extending the capabilities of the 3d-Dig dragline simulation system.

 

The 3d-Dig ....  read more

 

Automated Digital Terrain Mapping for Draglines

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C1003921/06/2002
Author: Jonathan Roberts | CSIRO Manufacturing Science and Technology

Draglines are the most important means of coal uncovery in open cut mines. The key problem is that we do not know what a dragline is doing. 3D plans can be developed, but we can not tell how good the plan was, or how well it was followed. A dragline monitor can measure how the dragline has ....  read more

 

Development of Slope Stability Radar

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C1003601/11/2002
Author: David Noon, Bryan Reeves, Glen Sticley, Michael Holmstrom, Guy Smith, Dennis Longstaff | CSSIP, University of Qld

This report describes the recent developments of the Slope Stability Radar (SSR). It covers the engineering development and testing of the early production standard, or beta prototype, as required by this project. This work followed the successful proof of-concept model ....  read more

 

Development of Tools and Methods for Rigging Data Specification for use in Dragline Bucket Simulation

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C601001/03/1999
Author: Jamil Srour, VKL Mai | BHP Coal

BHP Research and Technology Development has developed a rigging simulation model (PcDrag) and its associated tools for the assessment and design of bucket riggings. This software provides solutions of a set of non-linear equations for the static equilibrium of a dragline bucket and its ....  read more

 

Dragline Automation

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C300701/03/1996
Author: David W Hainsworth | CSIRO Exploration & Mining

The objectives of the project were to:

  • Demonstrate the feasibility of automatic sensing of bucket position.
  • Characterise the electro-dynamic dragline system.
  • Demonstrate closed-loop operation of the ADPC tenth scale dragline
 ....  read more

 

Dragline Automation Implementation

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C500307/01/1999
Author: Graeme Winstanley, Peter Corke, Jonathan Roberts | CSIRO Manufacturing Science and Technology

Reduction in the cost of overburden removal from open cut coal mines has been identified as the most important means of improving the economic performance of Australian open cut coal mines. The  ....  read more

 

Dragline Automation System: Optimal Excavation Sequencing

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C2303301/09/2015
Author: Kevin Austin, Matthew Green, Ross McAree | The University of Queensland

Dragline excavation sequencing describes the complex problem of determining the sequence of tub positions and the associated material movement task for each tub position for dragline strip mining. This project has examined computational methods for computing excavation sequences. It is thought ....  read more

 

Dragline Automation through Automatic Control of Bucket Carry Angle

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C1104330/01/2004
Author: Peter Ridley | QUT

The aims of dragline automation are to:

  • increase average bucket content by maximising fill and reducing spillage,
  • decrease average cycle time, by improving repeatability,
  • reduce maintenance down-time by reduction of dynamic overloads.
 ....  read more

 

Dragline Bucket Filling Investigation

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C300201/01/1997
Author: Terry O'Beirne, Jeff Rowlands, Murray Phillips | ACIRL

The aim of this project was to develop a method for obtaining quantitative data to characterise dragline bucket filling behaviour. This has been achieved and data has been collected for four bucket filling scenarios:

1. Conventional BE bucket (Howick mine)
2. Esco Mark IV (Newlands ....  read more

 

Dragline Link Chain Field Trial

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C803201/05/2000
Author: Graham Lumley | Ground Breaking Innovations

This project was for the trial of the link chain concept at Mount Thorley Operations. At the conclusion of the initial engineering difficulties were encountered with the MTO dragline in establishing the trial in an acceptable timeframe. An approach was made to ACARP to reduce the scope and ....  read more

 

Dragline Monitoring Using Acoustic Emission, Vibration, Strain and Operation Load

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C500201/02/1998
Author: Brian Wood, Robert Harris | Metacoustics, Howick Coal

If a material or a structure is placed under stress, either mechanical, chemical or thermal, and if that stress is sufficient to alter the material's microstructure, a stress wave  ....  read more

 

Dragline Operational Enhancements through the use of Digital Terrain Maps

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C1303411/12/2006
Author: Jonathan Roberts | CSIRO ICT

Digital Terrain Maps (DTMs) offer the next logical step in monitoring the performance of a dragline and the overburden removal excavation process. Online knowledge of the local terrain and how it changes with time would allow measurement of the real productivity (coal ....  read more

 

Dragline Research Review

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C400101/07/1997
Author: Jim Humphrey | ARCO Coal

The existing ACARP program is a vast improvement over its predecessors. There is virtually no comparison in the quality of work, the expeditious performance of researchers, the applicability of the results and the technology transfer mechanisms. This is not to ....  read more

 

Dragline Rigging and Control System for Universal Dig & Dump

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C903924/03/2000
Author: Jeff Rowlands | CMTE

This report presents the results from the fast track version of the original ACARP project submission "Dragline Rigging and Control System for Universal Dig and Dump". The project was designed to investigate and quantify productivity data and machine loads, to assist in the assessment and ....  read more

 

Dragline Swing Assist

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C902801/02/2003
Author: Graeme Winstanley | CSIRO Manufacturing & Infrastructure Technology

This report describes the CSIRO Dragline Swing Assist (DSA) technology and the performance of the proof-of-concept system installed on the BE1350 dragline at Boundary Hill. DSA is a radical new technology for dragline operation and can be seen as an addition to any other dragline technology ....  read more

 

Dragline Training Simulator

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C400201/01/1997
Author: Peter Corke | CSIRO Manufacturing Technology, CMTE

The Issues

Productivity of operators

Operators are the key to dragline productivity. Performance of existing operators varies somewhere in the range 10-35%, so approaches to raising skills to uniform levels should be investigated.

Productivity loss in ....  read more

 

Enhanced Reporting of Advanced Dragline Analytics

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C2104406/11/2013
Author: Peter Knights, Andrew Jessett, Xin (Frances) Liang | CRCMining, MineWare

Dragline repositioning is a major source for the loss of productive dig hours. A trade off exists in any decision to remain digging at a particular location or to reposition the dragline in order to obtain more favourable dig conditions, spoil room or swing angles.

 

This ....  read more

 

Evaluation of GPS Technologies in the Open Cut Mining Industry

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C304905/06/1995
Author: Robert Barnes | Tritronics Australia

The global positioning system (GPS) is a satellite based system which can be used for positioning and/or surveying to 2cm accuracy horizontally and 3cm vertically anywhere on the earth's surface. There are 21 satellites currently in orbit with three ....  read more

 

Hoist Control Project: Project Summary Economic Benefits of Hoist Control to Dragline Operation

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C500127/02/1998
Author: John Vazey | WBM

Field tests on the hoist drive of draglines have shown "overshoot" and oscillations of the drive gearbox torque during the lifting stage of the cycle. These dynamics, ....  read more

 

Identifying the Determinants of Reduced Dragline Operator Performance Over Time

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C1702724/08/2010
Author: John Whiteoak, Andrew Hede, Graham Lumley | University of the Sunshine Coast, GBI Consulting

The purpose of this report is to investigate factors that may impact the productivity and performance of dragline operators in the Australian Coal Industry. Central to the effective operation of the coal mine is the dragline and it is argued that as little as a 1% increase in dragline ....  read more

 

Improved Dragline Productivity Through Rigging Design

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C400301/07/1997
Author: Terry O'Beirne, Graham Lumley | ACIRL

ACIRL Ltd was commissioned by ACARP to investigate and research aspects of dragline bucket rigging, (Project C4003). This project commenced in May 1995 and was completed in October 1996. The total project value was $195,000 of which ACARP provided funding for ....  read more

 

Improved Dragline Spoiling Through 3D Simulation

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C303730/07/1994
Author: Murray Phillips | ACIRL

The objectives of this project were:

  • To conduct a field study at Peak Downs Mine to acquire the following data on the excavation of a typical block:
  • Calibrated stereo pair photographs to produce digital terrain models (DTM's) of key
 ....  read more

 

Improved Lubrication of Dragline Components

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C300501/11/1996
Author: Keith Sherwood, Will Scott | Queensland University of Technology

 When a dragline operator purchases a new machine, the specifications relating to lubrication tend to be general rather than definitive. Current practice, therefore, in the lubrication of dragline components requires the operator to select lubricants ....  read more

 

Improved Monitoring of Dragline Operation

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C300130/06/1994
Author: Graham Lumley, David Haneman | ACIRL

ACIRL's Australian Dragline Performance Centre (ADPC) was contracted to undertake a comparison of different dragline process variables as project C3001 under the Australian Coal Association Research Program.

Objectives

The specific objectives of the project ....  read more

 

Improved Understanding of Shovel Dippers & Processes

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C1002901/10/2002
Author: Graham Lumley | Ground Breaking Innovations

p>After draglines, rope shovels are the most important part of coal uncovery and yet up until now, the process of excavating with a shovel has been largely based on experience and intuition. The work done during this project has advanced understanding of dippers and processes greatly. This ....  read more

 

Improving Machine/Operator Interface for Draglines

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C400401/05/1997
Author: Anthony Kinnane, Jeff Rowlands | Runge Mining Australia, Dragline Technologies

The aim of this project was to develop modifications that can be installed in a dragline cabin to assist the operator in achieving maximum productivity and safety.

Results

The most important developments were concerned with providing the ....  read more

 

Improving Operator Support and Selection Processes

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C1404901/10/2006
Author: Graham Lumley, Andrew Hede | Ground Breaking Innovations, University of Sunshine Coast

Variations in dragline operator performance have major maintenance and productivity implications for mines.  The value of replacing operators who achieve below average performance, with operators who achieve higher productivity and lower damage costs through better selection and  ....  read more

 

Increasing Dragline Prime Output

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C1703101/02/2009
Author: Graham Lumley | Ground Breaking Innovations Pty Ltd

This project was about the effective use of the dragline productive capacity. The dragline has a certain productive capacity which is made up of prime and rehandle. It is the prime, not the total, which dictates how much coal is uncovered.

 

While many millions of dollars ....  read more

 

Load, Haul, Dump (LHD) Analyser and Landform Management System

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C1702402/08/2011
Author: Murray Phillips | Earth Technology

This project has developed a computer-based system for the study, design and optimisation of truck-and-shovel overburden removal. It includes functionality to allow the quick and approximate modelling of long term dragline spoil and incorporation of truck and shovel pre strip.

 

 ....  read more

 

Modeling Dragline Bucket Dynamics and Digging (including Bucket Filling Animations CD)

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C304801/01/1999
Author: Alex Kavetsky | Earth Technology

The need to maintain and increase dragline productivity is widely recognised as a major priority by Australian dragline operators. Bucket performance is critical to dragline  ....  read more

 

Modelling and Optimisation of Bulldozing

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C802801/05/2004
Author: Murray Phillips | EarthTechnology

This project had the following aims:

  • Monitoring of bulldozer operations and development of bulldozer productivity algorithms.
  • Development of computer modelling software to allow the design, optimisation and graphical depiction of bulldozer operations. This software will use
 ....  read more

 

Open Cut Automation Scoping Study

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C1105407/04/2003
Author: Paul Lever, Ross McAree | CMTE

The objective of this project was to develop a roadmap that identifies how ACARP expenditure on automation based research for surface coal mining should be invested to achieve maximum benefit for the Australian Coal Industry over the next 3 to 10 years.

The roadmap developed is equipment ....  read more

 

Optimisation of Design Load Levels for Dragline Buckets

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C700301/01/2001
Author: Peter Townson, Pra Murthy, Zhiqiang Guan, Hal Gurgenci | CMTE, University of Queensland

In this project CMTE developed a rigorous procedure to assist the dragline owner to identify the optimum operating point for a given dragline in terms of its bucket size. This optimum point is based upon the trade-off between two opposing factors: the increased instantaneous productivity that ....  read more

 

Optimisation of Dragline Excavation

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C601101/12/2003
Author: Darren Thornton, Bill Whiten | JKMRC, University of Queensland

The objective of this project was to develop prototype software that would allow a mine to determine the optimum dragline excavation sequence, ie. where the dragline stands, where it digs from and dumps to, and when and where it moves. Currently, many of these decisions are made by the ....  read more

 

Optimised Bucket for Parallel/Universal Rig

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C1003429/08/2001
Author: Tom Meyers, Bruce Leslie | Central Qld Mining Supplies, Leslie Consulting

The goal of this project was to investigate the way the bucket connection points could be varied to reduce the rope load variations, increase the dumpability of the bucket, and identify an approach for retrofitting an existing bucket and/or developing a new bucket ....  read more

 

Quantifying Development Risks for a High Capacity Surface Mining Continuous Cutting System in Waste

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C2401101/08/2015
Author: Paul Lever, Steve Powell, Dihon Tadic | CRCMining

This project enabled investigation of potential cutting technologies for use in a High Capacity Surface Continuous Cutting (HCSCC) system for coal mine overburden, identifying technology gaps and risk mitigation strategies for commercial implementation.

 

Key ....  read more

 

Real Time Continuous Measurement of Blasted Dragline Overburden Bulk Density

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C1803527/10/2010
Author: Alex Bewley, Rajiv Shekhar, Ben Upcroft & Paul Lever | CRC Mining

This report presents a method for measuring the in-bucket material volume on a dragline for the purpose of estimating the material's bulk density in real-time. Knowledge of the blasted overburden bulk density can provide instant feedback to mine planning and scheduling, enabling better ....  read more

 

Real Time Continuous Measurement of In-Place Blasted Dragline Overburden Bulk Density

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C2002406/06/2013
Author: Alex Bewley, Benjamin Dart, David Cusack, Garima Samvedi, Italo Onederra, Kieran Wynn, Paul Lever | CRCMining

This report presents a method for measuring the in‐place bulk density through comparisons of digital terrain models and machine monitor data. For the context of this report in-place refers to the original place of blasted material after the blast and before being handled by the dragline. ....  read more

 

Real Time Shovel Operator Feedback System

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C1104701/08/2003
Author: Greg Sheppard, Andrew jessett, Eleonora Widzyk-Capehart, Allison McDonald | CMTE

This project endeavoured to determine whether real-time knowledge-of-performance information would favourably influence the behaviour of a rope shovel operator. Previous work done by CMTE had established that overall machine performance was profoundly dependent on individual ....  read more

 

Real-Time Dragline Production Enhancement System

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C1304203/02/2006
Author: Eleonora Widzyk-Capehart, Ross Hennessy, Andrew Maclean, Greg Sheppard, Allison McDonald, Paul Level | CRCMining

The enhanced sensing of machine and operator performance is crucial to the automation of dragline operations and for improving safety in the dragline working area. The determination of a reliable and accurate measure of the terrain surfaces in the region around the dragline, ....  read more

 

Refinement of Automated Dragline Swing Control Algorithms

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C1304003/08/2005
Author: Matthew Dunbabin, Graeme Winstanley, Peter Corke | CSIRO ICT Centre

The control of the swing cycle of a dragline a key component of the dragline automation roadmap presented in the ACARP Open Cut Automation Scoping Study (C11054). The CSIRO team in partnership with ACARP and mining companies have been progressively developing a Dragline Swing Assist (DSA) ....  read more

 

Rope Shovel Automation

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C1203009/06/2004
Author: Peter Corke, Matthew Dunbabin | CSIRO ICT Centre

This project has demonstrated a number of technologies that are critical to automating rope shovel operation. They are:

  • Computer control of all three drives of a model rope shovel (crowd, hoist and swing).
  • Reliably detecting the onset of stall and two
 ....  read more

 

Rope Shovel Operator Information System

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C1203421/03/2005
Author: Eleonora Widzyk-Capehart, Paul Lever, Greg Sheppard, Andrew Jessett, Allison McDonald, Graham Brooker, Rebecca Hill | CRCMining

This project endeavoured to expand the capabilities of the existing data acquisition, processing and feedback system developed under ACARP project C11047 to include GPS machine position, dig face profile, shovel distance to the face and tactile feedback.

Previous work done by ....  read more

 

Shovel Automation - Phase 2: Autonomous Excavation and Truck Loading for Mining Shovels

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C1405801/07/2006
Author: Matthew Dunbabin, Kane Usher | CSIRO ICT Centre

In this project, we have progressed the results from ACARP project C12030 through addressing the second phase of the mining rope-shovel automation roadmap by successfully demonstrating complete automatic cycles on a 1/7 scale-model rope shovel. The primary achievements include the ....  read more

 

Swing Loader Traffic Control

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C1304131/01/2006
Author: Elliot Duff, Kane Usher, Peter Ridley | CSIRO ICT Centre, QUT

This project has successfully demonstrated (on a 1/7th scale model swing loader and haul truck) the technology to direct drivers to a recommended loading position. It does this in two phases. In the first phase, a scanning range laser on the swing loader is used to generate a digital ....  read more

 

Technical Diffusion of JKMRC Project Outcomes

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C804001/11/2000
Author: Alan Cocker | JKMRC, University of Queensland

The purpose of this project was to investigate the dissemination of outcomes from recent JKMRC ACARP projects, namely C5005 "Controlling Coal Damage due to Cast Blasting" and C5008 "Optimisation of Dozer Operations in Open Cut Mines"

Both these projects were released with computer ....  read more

 

Theory of Constraints in Strip Mining

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C2002030/01/2012
Author: Greg Campbell | LC Engineering

This research project was commissioned to investigate the feasibility of using Theory of Constraints to assist in planning the stripping process of a coal mine. The explicit aims were:

· Investigate how Theory of Constraints might be used in the stripping process;

· Model ....  read more

 

Underground

Health and safety, productivity and environment initiatives.

Recently Completed Projects

C22003Investigation Of The Potential Lightning Impacts On Underground Coal Mines

The objective of this research was to develop and apply computer mod...

C21023Optimisation Of Roof Bolt Length Based On Improved Resin Performance

This study compared the performance of two types of resin capsules u...

C25070Shuttle Car Steering System Optimisation

The condition of roadways in underground mines is of great importance, a...

Underground

Open Cut

Safety, productivity and the right to operate are priorities for open cut mine research.

Recently Completed Projects

C24067Mine Rehabilitation And Closure Knowledge Management WIKI: MRC-WIKI

This research project was undertaken over two years following completion...

C22028Rangal Supermodel 2015: The Rangal-Baralaba-Bandanna Coal Measures In The Bowen And Galilee Basins

This project compiled over 7000 company boreholes supplemented by more t...

C25005Interim Report: Alternative And Sustainable Explosive Formulations To Eliminate Nitrogen Oxide Emissions

This report focuses on the development of novel mining explosives with t...

Open Cut

Coal Preparation

Maximising throughput and yield while minimising costs and emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C24048Thickener Underflow Monitor

The aim of this project was to develop an instrument that is capable of ...

C24044RFID Residence Time Modelling

The project had two main objectives, the first to provide residence ...

C23046Economic Effect Of Low Amounts Of Non-Magnetics In The Correct Medium

This project has developed a methodology by which the economic loss ...

Coal Preparation

Technical Market Support

Market acceptance and emphasising the advantages of Australian coals.

Recently Completed Projects

C24056Relationship Between Internal Pressure And Coke Strength And Implications For Semi Soft Coking Coals In Blends

The objective of this project was to explore the relationships between t...

C25044Stage One: Trace Elements In Coal; Status Of Test Methods In Use And Their Applicability

The key objectives of this ACARP funded study (for arsenic, boron, cadmi...

C24055Physical And Chemical Interactions Occurring During Coke Making And Their Influence On Coke Strength

This project contains a study on the interactions occurring between coal...

Technical Market Support

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from the production of coal.

Recently Completed Projects

C24017Improving Methods For Quantifying Fugitive Emissions From Open Cut Coal Mining

Fugitive emissions from open cut coal mines are usually estimated fo...

C21065Flame Arresting Mechanisms And Flameproof Device For VAM Mitigation

The overall goal of this project was to study the gas flammability limit...

c21064Development Of A Catalytic Mitigation System For VAM - Stage 3 - 20 Litre Per Min VAM Flow Technical Development Unit

This report describes work undertaken towards the development of a p...

Mine Site Greenhouse Mitigation

Low Emission Coal Use

Step-change technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Recently Completed Projects

C17060BGasification Of Australian Coals

Four Australian coals were trialled in the Siemens 5 MWth pilot scale ga...

C17060AOxyfuel Technology For Carbon Capture And Storage Critical Clean Coal Technology - Interim Support

The status of oxy-fuel technology for first-generation plant is indicate...

C18007Review Of Underground Coal Gasification

This report consists of a broad review of underground coal gasification,...

Low Emission Coal Use

Mining And The Community

The relationship between mines and the local community.

Recently Completed Projects

C22029Understanding And Managing Cumulative Impacts Of Coal Mining And Other Land Uses In Regions With Diversified Economies

The coal industry operates in the context of competing land-uses that sh...

C23016Approval And Planning Assessment Of Black Coal Mines In NSW And Qld: A Review Of Economic Assessment Techniques

This reports on issues surrounding economic assessment and analysis ...

C19025Governance Strategies To Manage And Monitor Cumulative Impacts At The Local And Regional Level

ACARP levy contributors should order this report in the normal manner – ...

Mining And The Community

NERDDC

National Energy Research,Development & Demonstration Council (NERDDC) reports - pre 1992.

Recently Completed Projects

1609-C1609Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

Self Heating of Spoil Piles from Open Cut Coal Mines

1301-C1301Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development...

Stress Control Methods for Optimised Development and Extraction Operations

0033-C1356Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals...

Commissioned Report: Australian Thermal Coals - An Industry Handbook

NERDDC